Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, was born Lady Alice Christabel Montagu Douglas Scott, a daughter of John Montagu Douglas Scott, Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, and his wife Lady Margaret Bridgeman. She was a direct descendant of King Charles II. She became a member of the British royal family when she married Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of King George V and Queen Mary, with whom she had two children. During World War II, the Duchess worked with the Red Cross and the Order of St John and was head of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF). After the war, she accompanied the duke to Australia, where he served as Governor-General from 1945 to 1947. In 1981, she published The Memoirs of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. A revised edition was published as Memories of Ninety Years (1991).
She became the oldest person in the history of the British royal family in 2003.