Colette Audry was the elder sister of the film director Jacqueline Audry, for whom she wrote several screenplays. In addition to writing novels such as the autobiographical Derriere la baignoire (Behind the Bathtub) for which she received the Prix Medicis, Colette Audry also taught at the Lycee Moliere in Paris, and was a well-known literary critic, especially on the works of Jean-Paul Sartre. She collaborated with Sartre on the literary magazine Les Temps Modernes, wrote and produced several plays, and was a director of the Editions Denoel publishing house. She was a member of the anti-Stalinist left-wing Workers and Peasants' Socialist Party, and ran for election to the National Assembly several times. She was a friend and associate of Simone de Beauvoir.