David Bidney (24 September 1908 - 1987) was a philosopher-anthropologist. He was born in the Ukraine. He taught philosophy at Yale University in the early 1940s. He was a famous Spinoza scholar, about whom he wrote The Psychology and Ethics of Spinoza. He worked in the Anthropology Department of Indiana University from 1950-1974.
In his 1947 paper "Human Nature and the Cultural Process," he argued the culture cannot be understood without taking into consideration the human universals from which it arises. In 1953, he published a book, Theoretical Anthropology which examined the assumptions that underlie anthropology.