Lucrezia was the daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, the powerful Spanish-born church official who later became Pope Alexander VI. Cesare Borgia was her brother. Although the Borgias came to epitomize ruthless politics, Vatican corruption, and sexual debauchery, many historians believe that Lucrezia was a pawn of her relatives in her early life. After she married Alfonso d'Este, future Duke of Ferrara, she became a respected figure in the duchy of Ferrara. She died in childbirth in 1519. She continues to fascinate and has inspired many works of literature, opera, film, and television. Several paintings are said to depict her, but none are fully accepted by scholars.