Prof. Braudel, an influential French historian, teacher, and author, was a leader of the Annales School of historical research. He specialized in three main areas of study: the Mediterranean world, civilization and capitalism, and the identity of France after 1950. Beginning in 1940 he spent five years as a prisoner of war in Germany, during which he wrote his thesis "La Mediterranee et le monde mediterraneen a l'epoque de Philippe II," published in France in 1949. From 1962 to his death in 1985 Braudel was chief administrator of the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme.
Fernand Braudel achieved a worldwide reputation for his line of approach that united history and other social studies.