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Alfred Caldecott (1850–1936)

Author of The philosophy of religion in England and America Volume 6

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Rev Dr Alfred Caldecott DD, LlD, was born on 9th Nov 1850 and died in 1941. He was educated at the University of London (B.A., 1873) and at St. John's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1879), and was ordered deacon (1880), and ordained priest two years later. He was curate Vicar of Christ Church, Stafford (1880); a Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge (1880-86); fellow and dean of the same college (1889-95), in addition to being curate of St. Paul's, Cambridge (1881-82), vicar of Horningsey, Cambridgeshire (1882-84); Principal of Codrington College, Barbados; examining chaplain to the bishop of Barbados (1884-86) and Prebendary of St. Paul's Cathedral, London.

He was organizing secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel at Cambridge (1889-1905), and was rector of North cum South Lophan, Norfolk (1895-98). Since the latter year he has been rector of Frating cum Thorington, Essex, and has also been examining chaplain to the bishop of St. Albans since 1903. He was examiner in Moral Science Tripos in Cambridge (1884, 1888-89, and 1893-94), and was select preacher in the same university (1884, 1890-91, and 1894), while in 1891-1892 he was junior proctor. In addition to his duties as rector, he has been professor of moral and mental philosophy in King's College, London, since 1891, and examiner in theology in the University of London since 1902, as well as Cambridge Extension Lecturer (1880-82 and 1886-87). He has likewise been senior secretary of St. John's Cambridge Mission in South London (1883-86 and 1889-95), vice-president of the Cambridge Ethical Society in 1890-1905, governor of Colchester Grammar School (1900-05), a member of the committee of the Christian Evidence Society since 1903, and a member of the Senate of the University of London since 1904. In 1906 he was elected a fellow of King's College, London. He has written: English Colonisation and Empire (London, 1891); The Church in the West Indies (1898); and The Philosophy of Religion in England and America (1901).

By 1909 he was Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy at the University of London, and had contributed to the Pan-Anglican Congress a Paper on "Christian Philosophy in contrast with Pantheism, Christian Science, and Agnosticism".

Alfred and his brother Randolph collaborated on one book: "Aesop's Fables" (1883) As a theologian, Alfred was very familiar with classical Greek, and so the book contained his translation of Aesop from the original Greek. However, Randolph insisted that some Fables had become so familiar that sometimes the better-known version should prevail over the original: e.g. a fox was often substituted for the original wolf which would be an unfamiliar animal to British readers. Randolph's cartoon of himself and his brother as co-authors appears in the book. It is probably no accident that they never collaborated in any other book!

Letters in "Yours Pictorially", pp 39, 82-83, 189, 243.
Year Book of The King's School, Chester, July 1909.
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