Clara Campoamor was a Spanish politician and feminist best known for her advocacy for women's rights and suffrage during the writing of the Spanish constitution of 1931. She lost her seat in parliament in 1933, but was appointed Director of Public Welfare from 1933 to 1934. An ardent Republican, she fled the country out of fear of her life during the Spanish Civil War and settled in Lausanne, Switzerland. She was barred from returning to Spain by the Franco regime because she would not name her allies and publicly apologize for her past statements critical of the Catholic Church. She continued to write about feminism and her experiences in politics in exile.