Venetiana "Veza" Taubner-Calderon was born into an Ashkenazi-Sephardic Jewish family in Vienna in 1897. In the 1920s, as part of the city's avant garde movement, Veza wrote short stories drawn from everyday life for the newspaper Vienna Arbeiter-Zeitung. After government censorship reduced her opportunities for publication, she disguised her critique in irony and humor, but from then on published little. In 1934, she married writer and future Nobel Prize winner Elias Canetti, whom she had met at age 27. The couple escaped from Austria just ten days after Kristallnacht in November 1938 and managed to reach England. She died in 1963. Until 1990, however, when her first novel, Yellow Street, was finally published, Veza Canetti was known mainly as her husband's muse and literary assistant.