Myriam Catalany was the best known pen name of Marie Barrère-Affre. She was born in Perpignan to French Catalan parents and educated at a Roman Catholic convent school. Before her marriage, she signed her work as Marie Violette Affre or Violette des Pyrénées, and she later used the pen name Gineste de Cosprons. In 1914, she married Raymond Barrère, with whom she had two children. The family lived in Morocco for decades, until the country's independence in 1956. She wrote nearly 50 novels and nonfiction works for adults, mostly set in Morocco, and books for children, some of which appeared posthumously. Among the earliest was La Kasba parmi les tentes (1919), a volume of travel notes, sketches, and poems. She also wrote a column for the Moroccan newspaper L'Atlas under the pseudonym "Flâneuse."