Nationality: United Kingdom
Born: Hungary, 06/06/1918
Death: London, 2402/2002
Biography: Martin Esslin is a British writer and critic, born in Budapest, Hungary June 6, 1918 and died at the age of 83, in London February 24, 2002 following a long battle with Parkinson's disease.
Expatriate with his family in Vienna, Austria, Martin Esslin studied English and philosophy at university.
He began an acting career on stage at the seminar of Max Reinhardt drama but, in 1938, at the dawn of the theatrical debut, the Nazi occupation of Austria forced him to leave the country.
He spent a year in Brussels, Belgium, before settling in Britain where he became a writer and producer for the BBC. He was then promoted to head of radio drama during the 1960s. He fulfilled his dream by creating the "national theater," which he led the rest of his life.
During this period, the BBC produced hundreds of radio plays, he translated into English with his team. Martin Esslin is particularly known for having established, in one of his essays, the term "theater of the absurd," a phrase become popular since then.