Juliana Horatia Ewing, née Gatty, was born in Ecclesfield, Yorshire, England, one of 10 children of children's author Margaret Gatty and her husband, the Rev. Alfred Gatty. She began writing at an early age, and submitted her early stories to Charlotte Yonge's magazine Monthly Packet. In 1867, she married to Major Alexander Ewing, an army officer, and accompanied him on his posting to Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. The couple returned to England in 1869 and spent eight years in the army town of Aldershot. She began to write stories and books for children, which included The Brownies (1865), Jan of the Windmill (1872), Mrs. Overtheway's Remembrances (1869), A Flat Iron for a Farthing (1872), Six to Sixteen (1875), Jackanapes (1884), Daddy Darwin's Dovecot (1884), and The Story of a Short Life (1885. She also was an editor of a number of magazines that published short stories for children. When her husband was sent to Malta in 1879 and then Sri Lanka in 1881, Juliana's poor health kept her behind in England. On his return, they moved to Trull, Somerset, and then to Bath in hopes of restoring her health, but she died in 1885, at age 43. Her sister Horatia Gatty published a memorial of Juliana's life and works called Juliana Horatia Ewing and Her Books (1885).