Trapped by the Nazi occupation of Amsterdam in World War II, the Frank family went into hiding in July 1942. Two years later, they were betrayed and sent to die in concentration camps. Novelist Cynthia Ozick wrote in The New Yorker that Anne Frank's extraordinary diary, published in 1947, is a self-aware work of youthful genius. But it has been bowdlerized, distorted, transmuted, and sentimentalized since then. If Anne Frank has been made into an icon, it's because of the popular play derived from the diary.