Natalia Levi published her first story at age 17. In 1938, she married Leone Ginzburg and the couple had three children. As Jews and anti-fascists, they were punished by Mussolini's government with internal exile in a remote area of Abruzzi. After the Allied invasion, they went to Rome to continue working for the Italian resistance, but Leone was captured and executed by the Nazis in 1944. Natalia's first novel was published in 1942 under a pseudonym, but subsequently she used the name Natalia Ginzburg (sometimes spelled Ginzberg). She converted to the Roman Catholic faith, married again, and moved to Rome. Always politically involved, Natalia was elected to the Italian Parliament as an Independent in 1983.