Dr. Leon Goldensohn, a Jewish psychiatrist from Newark, NJ, served with the U.S. Army’s 63rd Division in France and Germany during World War II. At the end of the war, he was stationed at Nuremberg Prison and assigned the task of monitoring the mental health of more than two dozen high-ranking and lesser Nazi officials who were either charged with the genocide of the Jews or who were witnesses in the war crimes trials to be held. Dr. Goldensohn spent about six months visiting the prisoners nearly every day.
His assignment was to observe the men, not treat them, but the interviews are very revealing. Unfortunately, Dr. Goldensohn died at age 50 in 1961 before he could carry out his intention to write a book about the experience; but in 2005, thanks to his widow Julia, his children, and his brother Eli, the interviews along with Dr. Goldenshohn's detailed notes were published together as The Nuremberg Interviews.