Mary Jayne Gold was an American heiress living in Paris who joined Varian Fray and a small group of volunteers in the summer of 1940 in a mission to rescue Jewish artists, intellectuals, and others from the Nazis. They took up residence at a villa near Marseille where they sheltered people temporarily. Mary Jayne's money was crucial for buying false passports and visas on the black market to smuggle people to safety. The Vichy government deported Mary Jayne and the other rescuers in 1941, by which time they had saved thousands of lives. She returned to live in the south of France after the war.