Armand-Louis de Gontaut, Duc de Biron (1747–1793)

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Armand-Louis de Gontaut bore the title of duc de Lauzun and succeeded to the duchy of Biron in 1788 on the death of his uncle. In 1781, Biron played an important part in the American War of Independence by being the advance party of the main French army of Rochambeau sent to reinforce General George Washington at the Siege of Yorktown. After the successful campaign at Yorktown and subsequent British surrender, he returned to France a hero and was made maréchal de camp. He was executed during the Reign of Terror. His memoirs were published in 1822. His letters, said to have been written by him in 1789 to friends describing his service to the Estates-General during the French Revolution, were published later in the 19th century.
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