Caroline Lucie "Lina" Duff Gordon was the daughter of Sir Maurice Duff Gordon and Frances Waterton. On the death of her mother in 1889, Lina became the ward of her aunt, Janet Ross, née Duff Gordon. Janet Ross (1842-1927) lived at Poggio Gherardo, Settignano, near Florence, and was a famous writer and prominent figure in the local Anglo-American community. In 1902, Lina married Aubrey Waterfield, a painter. The couple restored and lived in the Renaissance-era fortified property of La Fortezza della Brunella at Aulla in the Lunigiana, and managed a school at Poggio Gherardo in the 1930s, only leaving Italy in 1940 at the start of World War II. Lina Waterfield worked as the Italian correspondent for The Observer from 1921 until 1939, and foreign correspondent for Kelmsley Press from 1946 to 1950. She was one of the founders of the British Institute in Florence in 1917. She published her autobiography, Castle in Italy, in 1961.