Mary Griffith, née Corre, was one of the earliest women scientists in the USA. She married John Griffith, a wealthy New York City merchant. After the death of her husband in 1815, she bought an estate called Charlieshope near New Brunswick, New Jersey, where she studied horticulture, natural history, earth sciences, epidemiology, and optics and vision. She published the results of her experiments in scientific journals as well as newspapers and literary journals. Her nonfiction works included An Essay on the Art of Boring the Earth (1826) and Our Neighbourhood, or Letters on Horticulture and Natural Phenomena (1831). She also published several novels and short stories, including Camperdown, or News from Our Neighborhood (1836) which included Three Hundred Years Hence, the first known utopian novel by an American woman.