HomeGroupsTalkZeitgeist
MembersReviewsPopularityRatingFavorited   Events   
70721,05300

Top members (works)

Member favorites

Members: None

Add to favorites
No events listed. (add an event)
You must log in to edit Common Knowledge data.
For more help see the Common Knowledge help page.
Canonical name
Legal name
Other names
Date of birth
Date of death
Burial location
Gender
Nationality
Country (for map)
Birthplace
Place of death
Places of residence
Education
Occupations
Relationships
Organizations
Awards and honors
Agents
Short biography
Irene Grunbaum, née Levi, was born to a Jewish family in Darmstadt, Germany. She and her husband Bobby Eskenazi moved to Belgrade, Yugoslavia to escape the Nazi regime and were living there when World War II began. Her husband was captured and deported, and never seen again. Irene fled through the Balkans, disguised as a Muslim peasant woman, to Albania, where she hid for the rest of the war. Along her journey, she encountered numerous harrowing obstacles, including partisans, thieves, fascists, the risks of being a female traveling alone, poverty, and hunger. At the end of the war, she made her way to Rome and in 1947, emigrated to Brazil. Thhere she met and married Harry Grunbaum. Her autobiography, Escape Through the Balkans, shows a brutal and complex part of wartime Europe about which little has been written. It was discovered as an unpublished manuscript at the Institute of Austrian Resistance in Vienna by scholar Katherine Morris, who arranged for its publication by the University of Nebraska Press in 1996.
Disambiguation notice

Links

Member ratings

Average: No ratings.

Improve this author

Combination issues. This author has combination issues that need to be cleared up.

Combine/separate works

Author division

Irene Grunbaum is currently considered a "single author." If one or more works are by a distinct, homonymous authors, go ahead and split the author.

Includes

Irene Grunbaum is composed of 3 names. You can examine and separate out names.

Combine with…

 

You are using the new servers! | About | Privacy/Terms | Help/FAQs | Blog | Store | APIs | TinyCat | Legacy Libraries | Early Reviewers | Common Knowledge | 117,961,528 books! | Top bar: Always visible