Elisabeth Charlotte Pauline de Meulan, known as Pauline, was born in Paris, the daughter of a French aristocrat and official whose house was open to iterary figures and scholars of the day. When he died penniless, leaving his widow and four children in straitened circumstances, Pauline, the eldest, became the real head of the family. Obliged to leave Paris, they moved to Passy. There Pauline studied books on philosophy and morality and with the encouragement of the academician Jean-Baptiste Suard, began writing to support the family. Her first novel, "Contradiction," made her famous. She also published numerous articles on literature, female education, society, and the arts. In 1812, Pauline married historian and statesman François Guizot, 14 years her senior (who went on to become Prime Minister after her death). After that date, she was known as Madame Guizot. In the early years of their marriage, they published several works together. She herself wrote mainly on and for young people. Her works occupy 15 columns of the printed catalog of the National Library.