Alice Maud Mary was the third child and second daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. She helped nurse her father through his final illness in 1861. The following year, she married Prince Louis of Hesse, later Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse and by Rhine, with whom she had seven children. Princess Alice wrote to the queen that the Germans pronounced her name as "Alix," a name she gave one of her own daughters. She devoted her time in Hesse to charitable causes, especially nursing, as well as her royal duties. She was devastated in 1873, when her 3-year-old son died after a fall and the internal bleeding could not be stopped. He suffered from hemophilia, although the disease was not well understood at the time. In 1878, the family was struck with diphtheria and Priincess Alice nursed them all tirelessly. She became seriously ill herself and died at age 35. Her namesake daughter Princess Alix of Hesse grew up to become Empress Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia.