Jane Aiken Hodge was the daughter of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Conrad Aiken and his first wife, Jessie McDonald. Jane was three years old when her family moved to Great Britain, settling in Rye, East Sussex where her younger sister, Joan, who would grow up to become a novelist and a children's writer, was born. Their parents divorced in 1929.
Jane read English at Somerville College, Oxford University, and in 1938 earned a second degree in English at Radcliffe, her mother's alma mater. She worked a civil servant in the USA for a time, and also worked for Time Magazine, before returning to Great Britain 1947.
Her published works included historical novels and contemporary detective novels. In 1972, Jane Hodge renounced her USA citizenship and became a British subject.