Serge Klarsfeld was born in Bucharest to a family of Romanian Jews that emigrated to France before World War II. In 1943, his father was arrested and deported to the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, where he was killed. Serge, his mother and sister escaped arrest and survived in hiding. In the 1950s, he studied history at the Sorbonne, graduated from the Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), and received a law degree from the University of Paris. In 1963, he married Beate Klarsfeld, née Kunzel, with whom he had two children, including a son, Arno, who works with his parents. Together the Klarsfelds became internationally-recognized for their work documenting the Holocaust and tracking down Nazi war criminals, surviving car bombs and other personal attacks along the way. He helped found and lead the Association des fils et filles des déportés juifs de France (Sons and Daughters of Jewish Deportees from France) or FFDJF, one of the groups that has documented cases and located former German and French officials implicated in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of French and foreign Jews. Among his awards are the French Legion of Honor (1984) and the German Federal Cross of Merit (2015). The Klarsfeld story has been adapted as an American television film and as a French television movie.