Julia Kristeva was born in Bulgaria, where she attended a French-language school. After graduating from the University of Sofia, she moved to Paris and has lived there ever since. Her original interests were in language and linguistics, and she was influenced by her contemporaries Lucian Goldmann and Roland Barthes. She also studied Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, and like her mentors, she began to work both as an analyst and an academic. In 1965, she joined the "Tel Quel" literary group, where she met her future husband, Philippe Sollers. Julia Kristeva's articles began to appear in Tel Quel and the journal Critique in 1967, and in 1970 she joined the editorial board. Her research in linguistics, including her interest in Lacan's seminars, resulted in the publication of her first book Séméiotiké: Recherches pour une sémanalyse (1969), Le Texte Du Roman (1970), and La Revolution du langage poetique, her doctoral thesis (1974). Julia Kristeva has become one of the few figures of the French intelligensia widely recognised throughout the world. She is a professor of linguistics at the University of Paris VII-Diderot, and has been a visiting professor at Columbia University in New York. She is also the founder and head of the Simone de Beauvoir Prize committee.