Sophie Irene Loeb was born into a Jewish family in Russia that emigrated to the USA when she was a small child in 1882, settling in McKeesport, Pennsylvania, near Pittsburgh. She began working while still in high school to support her family after the death of her father. She became a grade school teacher and in 1894, married Anselm F. Loeb; the couple later divorced. Sophie Loeb had written articles for local newspapers in Pennsylvania and submitted pieces to the New York Evening World. Following her divorce, she moved to New York City and obtained a job as reporter and feature writer for the Evening World. She interviewed widows who, unlike her own mother, had been forced to place their children in orphanages. These interviews inspired her to work for the establishment of public funds for widows’ pensions, adding her voice to those of other leaders -- many of them also Jewish women and children of immigrants -- such as Hannah Bachman Einstein. In 1913, Loeb and Einstein were named to the newly created State Commission on Relief for Widowed Mothers. Sophie Loeb's work on the commission report, as well as her campaigns in the pages of the Evening World, contributed greatly to the passage of a 1915 bill creating child welfare boards in every county in New York State. She was appointed to New York City's Child Welfare Board and served as its president for 8 years. Her book Everyman’s Child (1920), in addition to her travels and public speeches, raised public awareness and assisted in the creation of further legislation and public funding to help orphaned children. In 1924, she became president of the Child Welfare Committee of America. Sophie Loeb died of cancer at age 52. Her gravestone is inscribed, "Not charity, but a chance for every child."