Helen Gansevoort Edwards Mackay, an American writer, was born in 1876. She was a Francophile and lived in Paris for 50 years. Throughout World War I, she worked in a hospital for the wounded. She was fluent in French and Italian and wrote poetry and vivid narrative sketches of French life. She was married to Archibald Mackay, a member of a wealthy New York family, and continued her social work into the Second World War.