Born on December 18 at Ernakulam. Completed his M. A. Degree in History as a private candidate from the University of Madras with first rank in 1948. Went to Harvard University on a Fulbright Travel Grant and a Smith-Mundt Scholarship and secured his Masters Degree in Political Science there, with specialisation in International Relations. Worked in various capacities such as Professor of History, State Editor of the Kerala Gazetteers, Registrar of the University of Kerala, and UGC visiting professor at the University of Calicut. Held many other positions during his evenful career. Apart from compiling eight District Gazetteers of Kerala, he wrote more than 25 books in English and Malayalam.