Stanley Milgram was born to Jewish immigrant parents in New York City. He was an excellent student, winning a scholarship to Queens College, where he received his bachelor's degree in political science. In 1954, he went to Harvard to earn a Ph.D. in psychology. His dissertation was an investigation into national differences in conformity, based on studies he conducted in Norway and France. After his return to the USA in 1959, Milgram worked with his advisor Prof. Solomon Asch at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. Inspired by his mentor, as well as by the trials of Nazi officials, Milgram designed his pioneering series of behavioral studies at Yale, forever known as "the Milgram Experiment," in which 65 percent of his subjects were willing to give apparently harmful electric shocks to a protesting victim because a scientific authority commanded them to do so. He published the first of six popular papers about his work in 1963, and the book "Obedience to Authority" in 1974; it was nominated for a National Book Award. Milgram became an assistant professor at Yale in 1960, and was assistant professor at Harvard from 1963 to 1966, and a lecturer until 1967. In 1967 he became full professor at the City University of New York. Prof. Milgram died of a heart attack at age 51.