Lady Gilbert (Rosa Mulholland), Irish Catholic novelist and poet, was born in Belfast in 1855. Her father was Joseph Stevenson Mulholland was a noted doctor in that city. In 1891, Rosa married Sir John T. Gilbert, an archaeologist devoted to Irish history and a player in the modern Gaelic revival. They spent time living in a remote mountainous area in western Ireland. After his death, Rosa penned his biography.
She initially aspired to be an artist, but had more success with poetry. Her friendship with Charles Dickens led to the publication of "Hester's History," originally a serial story. She went on to publish many poems, short stories, and novels. Several of her early works incorporated the struggles the gentrified landlords and peasantry in Ireland at the time. Her later work moved toward young girls as an audience, advocating independence. A number of her works have supernatural themes. She died in Dublin in 1921.