Simeon or Sidney Joseph Perelman was born in Brooklyn and grew up in Providence, where his father raised chickens and operated a dry goods store. He entered Brown University in 1921 as a daily commuter. He later said, "I was a very indifferent student, and did the minimum of work necessary to remain in college." The minimum apparently was not enough to graduate; but his drawing ability led him to become a cartoonist for the Brown Jug, of which he was editor in his senior year. After leaving college, he worked as a cartoonist and later writer for Judge magazine and for College Humor magazine and befriended many of the members of the famous Algonquin Round Table, such as Robert Benchley and Dorothy L. Parker. In the early 1930s, he went to Hollywood and worked as a script writer for the Marx Brothers movies "Horsefeathers" and "Monkey Business." He began writing for the New Yorker in 1934. Perelman's works, which were filled with a sense of ridicule, irony, and wryness, influenced many other writers of his generation and since. He often parodied his own misadventures. In addition to his sketches, short stories, and essays, many of which were collected into book form, he wrote plays. With Ogden Nash, he wrote the musical "One Touch of Venus." He won an Academy Award for his screenplay for the film "Around the World in Eighty Days" in 1956. In 1970, Perelman left the USA to live in London but returned to New York in 1972.