New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Reproduction Number LC-USZ62-114904
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a.k.a. Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum
- Atlas Shrugged 15,655 copies, 260 reviews
- The Fountainhead 13,978 copies, 182 reviews
- Anthem 7,157 copies, 144 reviews
- We the Living 2,979 copies, 30 reviews
- The Virtue of Selfishness (Contributor) 1,727 copies, 15 reviews
- For the New Intellectual: The Philosophy of Ayn Rand 955 copies, 6 reviews
- Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal, with Additional Articles By Nathaniel… (Contributor) 867 copies, 9 reviews
- Philosophy: Who Needs It 698 copies, 5 reviews
- The Romantic Manifesto: A Philosophy of Literature (second revised… (Author) 658 copies, 7 reviews
- Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology: Expanded Second Edition 492 copies, 6 reviews
- Night of January 16th 433 copies, 4 reviews
- The Early Ayn Rand: A Selection from Her Unpublished Fiction (The Ayn Rand… 417 copies, 5 reviews
- The Ayn Rand Lexicon 276 copies, 2 reviews
- The Voice of Reason: Essays in Objectivist Thought (The Ayn Rand Library,… 263 copies, 2 reviews
- The Art of Fiction: A Guide for Writers and Readers 257 copies, 6 reviews
- The New Left: The Anti-Industrial Revolution 241 copies, 4 reviews
- The Art of Nonfiction: A Guide for Writers and Readers 192 copies, 1 review
- The Return of the Primitive: The Anti-Industrial Revolution (Author) 185 copies
- Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal (original 1966 edition) (Author) 181 copies, 2 reviews
- The Journals of Ayn Rand 158 copies, 1 review
- Letters of Ayn Rand 137 copies, 3 reviews
- Ayn Rand Answers: The Best of Her Q & A 106 copies, 1 review
- Ayn Rand Reader 99 copies
- The Romantic Manifesto: A Philosophy of Literature (original edition,… (Author) 90 copies
- Ayn Rand Box Set: Atlas Shrugged/ The Fountainhead 82 copies, 1 review
- Three Plays 70 copies
- The Ayn Rand Column: Written for the Los Angeles Times 45 copies, 1 review
- The Objectivist Newsletter: 1962-1965 38 copies, 1 review
- The Objectivist: 1966-1971 35 copies, 1 review
- Ayn Rand Letter 1971-1976 32 copies
- Ayn Rand's Marginalia : Her Critical Comments on the Writings of over… 31 copies, 1 review
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Ayn Rand has 1 past event. (show)
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Ayn Rand was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2, 1905. At age six she taught herself to read and two years later discovered her first fictional hero in a French magazine for children, thus capturing the heroic vision which sustained her throughout her life. At the age of nine, she decided to make fiction writing her career. Thoroughly opposed to the mysticism and collectivism of Russian culture, she thought of herself as a European writer, especially after encountering Victor Hugo, the writer she most admired.
During her high school years, she was eyewitness to both the Kerensky Revolution, which she supported, and—in 1917—the Bolshevik Revolution, which she denounced from the outset. In order to escape the fighting, her family went to the Crimea, where she finished high school. The final Communist victory brought the confiscation of her father's pharmacy and periods of near-starvation. When introduced to American history in her last year of high school, she immediately took America as her model of what a nation of free men could be.
When her family returned from the Crimea, she entered the University of Petrograd to study philosophy and history. Graduating in 1924, she experienced the disintegration of free inquiry and the takeover of the university by communist thugs. Amidst the increasingly gray life, her greatest pleasures were Viennese operettas and Western films and plays. Long an admirer of cinema, she entered the State Institute for Cinema Arts in 1924 to study screenwriting. It was at this time that she was first published: a booklet on actress Pola Negri (1925) and a booklet titled “Hollywood: American Movie City” (1926), both reprinted in 1999 in Russian Writings on Hollywood.
In late 1925 she obtained permission to leave Soviet Russia for a visit to relatives in the United States. Although she told Soviet authorities that her visit would be short, she was determined never to return to Russia. She arrived in New York City in February 1926. She spent the next six months with her relatives in Chicago, obtained an extension to her visa, and then left for Hollywood to pursue a career as a screenwriter.
On Ayn Rand’s second day in Hollywood, Cecil B. DeMille saw her standing at the gate of his studio, offered her a ride to the set of his movie The King of Kings, and gave her a job, first as an extra, then as a script reader. During the next week at the studio, she met an actor, Frank O’Connor, whom she married in 1929; they were married until his death fifty years later.
After struggling for several years at various nonwriting jobs, including one in the wardrobe department at the RKO Radio Pictures, Inc., she sold her first screenplay, “Red Pawn,” to Universal Pictures in 1932 and saw her first stage play, Night of January 16th, produced in Hollywood and then on Broadway. Her first novel, We the Living, was completed in 1934 but was rejected by numerous publishers, until The Macmillan Company in the United States and Cassells and Company in England published the book in 1936. The most autobiographical of her novels, it was based on her years under Soviet tyranny.
She began writing The Fountainhead in 1935 (taking a short break in 1937 to write the anti-collectivist novelette Anthem). In the character of the architect Howard Roark, she presented for the first time the kind of hero whose depiction was the chief goal of her writing: the ideal man, man as “he could be and ought to be.” The Fountainhead was rejected by twelve publishers but finally accepted by the Bobbs-Merrill Company. When published in 1943, it made history by becoming a best-seller through word of mouth two years later, and gained for its author lasting recognition as a champion of individualism.
Ayn Rand returned to Hollywood in late 1943 to write the screenplay for The Fountainhead, but wartime restrictions delayed production until 1948. Working part time as a screenwriter for Hal Wallis Productions, she began her major novel Atlas Shrugged, in 1946. In 1951 she moved back to New York City and devoted herself full time to the completion of Atlas Shrugged.
Published in 1957, Atlas Shrugged was her greatest achievement and last work of fiction. In this novel she dramatized her unique philosophy in an intellectual mystery story that integrated ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, politics, economics and sex. Although she considered herself primarily a fiction writer, she realized that in order to create heroic fictional characters, she had to identify the philosophic principles which make such individuals possible.
Thereafter, Ayn Rand wrote and lectured on her philosophy—Objectivism, which she characterized as “a philosophy for living on earth." She published and edited her own periodicals from 1962 to 1976, her essays providing much of the material for six books on Objectivism and its application to the culture. Ayn Rand died on March 6, 1982, in her New York City apartment.
Every book by Ayn Rand published in her lifetime is still in print, and hundreds of thousands of copies are sold each year, so far totaling more than 25 million. Several new volumes have been published posthumously. Her vision of man and her philosophy for living on earth have changed the lives of thousands of readers and launched a philosophic movement with a growing impact on American culture
a.k.a. Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum
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