Rosemary Say was a young English girl working as an au pair in France in 1939, at the outbreak of World War II. When she tried to flee the country, she could only get far as Paris and became trapped there. She went to work at the American Hospital and then did other menial jobs to survive the Nazi Occupation. Later she was able to escape back to the UK and worked for the secret British spy organization SOE (Special Operations Executive) in London. She went on to a career as a theatre and television critic for The Sunday Telegraph. Her memoir Rosie's War: An Englishwoman's Escape from Occupied France, was completed after her death by her daughter and son-in-law, Julia and Noel Holland, and published in 2011.