Alice Kimball Smith was an historian of science and scholar at the Radcliffe Institute for Independent Study, now the Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute, at Harvard University, a postgraduate study center for woman scholars and artists. She and her husband Cyril Stanley Smith and their two children lived at Los Alamos, New Mexico for his work on the Manhattan Project during World War II. From 1963 to 1973, she was director of the Radcliffe Seminars. She served as associate dean and then dean of the Radcliffe Institute. She was the author of A Peril and a Hope: The Scientists Movement in America, 1945-1947 (1965). With Charles Weiner, she edited Robert Oppenheimer, Letters and Recollections (1980).