Frances Milton Trollope -- she never used the diminutive "Fanny" herself -- was a prolific English novelist and writer who often used her works as social commentary or criticism of issues such as slavery, church corruption, and the working conditions of children. In 1809, at age 30, she married Thomas A. Trollope, a lawyer with whom she had seven children. In 1827, she traveled to the USA, hoping to improve her family's finances, and stayed at the experimental utopian community, Nashoba Commune, near Memphis, Tennessee. After her return to England, she began writing to help support her family. Her first book, Domestic Manners of the Americans (1832), was a bestseller and caused a sensation both in the UK and the USA for its unflattering view of American society. Other works included novels such as Jonathan Jefferson Whitlaw (1836), Michael Armstrong: Factory Boy (1840), Jessie Phillips, A Tale of the Present Day (1843), and the Widow Barnaby trilogy (1839–1855); and further travel works such as Belgium and Western Germany in 1833 (1834), Paris and the Parisians in 1835 (1836), and Vienna and the Austrians (1838). During her career, she published some 100 volumes. In the late 1830s, she moved to Florence, Italy, where she lived until her death. Two of her sons also became writers, the more celebrated being Anthony Trollope.