Frances Fuller Victor was born in Rome, New York. When the family moved to Wooster, Ohio, she and her younger sister Metta Fuller attended a seminary for young ladies there. They both began writing at an early age and published stories in local newspapers. With Metta, she co-wrote Poems of Sentiment and Imagination, published in 1850. In 1862, Frances married as her second husband Henry Victor, a naval engineer and the brother of her sister's husband. Frances Victor went on to become a popular history writer who produced many works focused on the personalities, westward expansion, and frontier of the USA, especially Oregon, her adopted home, and the Pacific Northwest. She also wrote historical novels and was a columnist for the San Francisco Daily Morning Call. She was a supporter of women's rights. See her biography, A Bit of A Blue: The Life and Work of Frances Fuller Victor, by Jim Martin.