Amelia Butterworth was the first fictional female detective. She was created by Anna Katharine Green. Amelia was a fifty-ish, upper-middle-class spinster in New York. Despite her claims to the contrary, she is very inquisitive. She is determined not to be outdone by men, especially Detective Ebenezer Gryce. She appeared in three novels.
Her original first name was Araminta, meaning "prayer and protection", but she changed it as seemed to her to suggest "antiquated sentimentality" She felt that Amelia, meaning "to make better" was more appropriate for a sensible woman.
Agatha Christie was a fan of Anna Katharine Green, and Amelia Butterworth is thought to have influenced Miss Jane Marple.