Born in Loten, Norway, in 1863, Edvard Munch was the second of five children of Christian Munch, a doctor in the Army Medical Corps, and his wife laura. Munch was just five years old when his mother died of tuberculosis. Nine years later his elder sister Sophie succumbed to the same illness. The loss of Sophie, to whom he was very close, affected Munch badly. His young mind came to believe she had somehow been sacrificed to save him and images of her became a persistent theme in his work when he began to paint.
Munch died in 1944 aged 81