Elisabeth of Austria (5 July 1554 – 22 January 1592) was Queen of France from 1570 to 1574 as the wife of King Charles IX. A member of the House of Habsburg, she was the daughter of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain.
King Charles IX of France and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria were formally married on 26 November 1570 in Mézières. On 25 March 1571, Elisabeth was consecrated as Queen of France. Then, she disappeared from public life.
Elisabeth, shocked with the licentious ways of the French court, dedicated her time to embroidery work, reading and especially the practice of charitable and pious works. She continued to hear mass twice a day, and was appalled at how little respect was shown for religion by the supposedly Catholic courtiers. Her one controversial act was to make a point of rejecting the attentions of Protestant courtiers and politicians by refusing the Huguenot leader, Gaspard II de Coligny the permission to kiss her hand when he paid homage to the royal family.
She was nonetheless shocked by the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre; she petitioned to save the life of foreign Protestants. She had one daughter, and never remarried after Charles' death 30 May 1574.Elisabeth of Austria in Wikipedia