Ellen Craft was a slave in Georgia; she understood herself to be the daughter of her master, Major James Smith. She could easily pass for white. She married fellow slave William Craft. They disguised themselves as a white man and his black slave, and traveled to Philadelphia, where they gave abolitionist speeches. With the passing of the Fugitive Slave Law in 1850, it became too dangerous, and they moved to England where they also worked for abolition and racial equality. After the Civil War, they returned to the American South and worked to assist the freed slaves.