People/Characters: James McCune Smith

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Works (2)

The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race by John Stauffer
Reaching for freedom: Paul Cuffe, Norbert Rillieux, Ira Aldridge, James McCune Smith (Firebird biographies) by David Harbison

Related tags


  1. Generations of Captivity: A History of African-American Slaves by Ira Berlin (2003)
  2. John Brown: The Legend Revisited by Merrill D. Peterson (2002)
  3. John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights by David S. Reynolds (2005)
  4. Allies for Freedom and Blacks on John Brown by Benjamin Quarles (1974)
  5. All on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition of Slavery by Henry Mayer (1998)
  6. The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism: Ordinary Women in the Antislavery Movement by Julie Roy Jeffrey (1998)
  7. John Brown by W. E. B. Du Bois (1962)
  8. Means and Ends in American Abolitionism: Garrison and His Critics on Strategy and Tatics 1834-1850 by Aileen S. Kraditor (1969)
  9. The Magnificent Activist: The Writings of Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823-1911) by Howard Meyer (2000)
  10. The Essence of Liberty: Free Black Women During the Slave Era by Wilma King (2006)
  11. The Problem of Emancipation: The Caribbean Roots of the American Civil War by Edward Bartlett Rugemer (2008)
  12. The Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government's Relations to Slavery by Don E. Fehrenbacher (2001)
  13. Against Slavery: An Abolitionist Reader (Penguin Classics) by Mason I. Lowance (2000)
  14. John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry: A Brief History with Documents by Jonathan Earle (2008)
  15. Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century by Leon Litwack (1988)

Character description

James McCune Smith (April 18, 1813 – November 17, 1865) was an American physician, apothecary, abolitionist, and author. He is the first African American to hold a medical degree and graduated at the top in his class at the University of Glasgow, Scotland. He was the first African American to run a pharmacy in the United States.

In addition to practicing as a doctor for nearly 20 years at the Colored Orphan Asylum in Manhattan, Smith was a public intellectual: he contributed articles to medical journals, participated in learned societies, and wrote numerous essays and articles drawing from his medical and statistical training. He used his training in medicine and statistics to refute common misconceptions about race, intelligence, medicine, and society in general. Invited as a founding member of the New York Statistics Society in 1852, which promoted a new science, he was elected as a member in 1854 of the recently founded American Geographic Society. But, he was never admitted to the American Medical Association or local medical associations.

James McCune Smith in Wikipedia

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