1) (d. December 31, 1851/January 1, 1852) Joseph Miller was a farmer in Chester County, Pennsylvania, and the employer of a free black woman, Rachel Parker. Rachel was forcibly abducted by Thomas McCreary and taken to Baltimore, Maryland. Miller organized a party of family and friends to try and retrieve her with the help of Francis S. Corkran. After she was taken out of the slave pen and put into jail pending a hearing, the Pennsylvanians returned home. Miller disappeared off the train and was found hanging from the branch of a tree five feet off the ground, with his legs on the ground. Two cursory autopsies in Maryland concluded that he had hanged himself, but two more thorough autopsies in Pennsylvania found that he had been poisoned with arsenic. No-one was ever charged with his murder.