Menelaus (died 162 B.C.E.): High Priest of Judah during the Seleucid Era. His brother was Simon, who ran the secular affairs of the Jews in this period. His cousin Jason had been High Priest. As his Homeric name shows, Menelaus was a "Hellenized" (that is, pro-Greek) Jew; his birth name was probably Onias. He bribed the Seleucids to give him the Priestly power, but could not raise enough money to pay what he owed, and was executed. His successor was Alcimus, after whose death the High Priesthood stood vacant until assumed by Jonathan Maccabee.