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People/Characters: Menelaus, High Priest of Judea

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Works (4)

The First and Second Books of the Maccabees (Cambridge Bible Commentaries on the Apocrypha) by J. R. Bartlett
From Ezra to the Last of the Maccabees by E. J. Bickerman
The Hellenistic age: Political history of Jewish Palestine from 332 B.C.E. to 67 B.C.E (The World history of the Jewish people : Ancient times ; 1st ser., v. 6) by Abraham Schalit
II Maccabees : a new translation with introduction and commentary by Jonathan A. Goldstein

Character description

Menelaus (died 162 B.C.E.): High Priest of Judah during the Seleucid Era. His brother was Simon, who ran the secular affairs of the Jews in this period. His cousin Jason had been High Priest. As his Homeric name shows, Menelaus was a "Hellenized" (that is, pro-Greek) Jew; his birth name was probably Onias. He bribed the Seleucids to give him the Priestly power, but could not raise enough money to pay what he owed, and was executed. His successor was Alcimus, after whose death the High Priesthood stood vacant until assumed by Jonathan Maccabee.

Related events


lhungsbe (21), waltzmn (6), DisassemblyOfReason (3), SimoneA (1), Nicole_VanK (1)
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