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Spells of Enchantment: The Wondrous Fairy…
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Spells of Enchantment: The Wondrous Fairy Tales of Western Culture (1991)

by Jack Zipes (Editor)

Other authors: Hans Christian Andersen (Contributor), Guillaume Apollinaire (Contributor), Apuleius (Contributor), Ingeborg Bachmann (Contributor), Giambattista Basile (Contributor)61 more, L. Frank Baum (Contributor), Italo Calvino (Contributor), Angela Carter (Contributor), Robert Coover (Contributor), T. Crofton Croker (Contributor), Marie-Catherine D'Aulnoy (Contributor), Charlotte-Rose de la Force (Contributor), Michael de Larrabeiti (Contributor), Mary de Morgan (Contributor), Philip K. Dick (Contributor), Alfred Doblin (Contributor), Lord Dunsany (Contributor), Carl Ewald (Contributor), Anatole France (Contributor), Antoine Galland (Contributor), Johann Wolfgang Goethe (Contributor), Wilhelm Grimm (Contributor), Nathaniel Hawthorne (Contributor), Hermann Hesse (Contributor), Franz Hessel (Contributor), ETA Hoffmann (Contributor), Hugo von Hofmannsthal (Contributor), Laurence Housman (Contributor), Janosch (Contributor), Georg Kaiser (Contributor), Erich Kastner (Contributor), Gottfried Keller (Contributor), Gunter Kunert (Contributor), Rosemarie Kunzler (Contributor), Marie-Jeanne L'Héritier (Contributor), Tanith Lee (Contributor), Stanisław Lem (Contributor), George MacDonald (Contributor), Robin McKinley (Contributor), Christoph Meckel (Contributor), Naomi Mitchison (Contributor), Johann Karl August Musäus (Contributor), Mynona (Contributor), Novalis (Contributor), Charles Perrault (Contributor), Henri Pourrat (Contributor), Howard Pyle (Contributor), Rainer Maria Rilke (Contributor), Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Contributor), Kurt Schwitters (Contributor), Frank R. Stockton (Contributor), Theodor Storm (Contributor), Giovanni Straparola (Contributor), August Strindberg (Contributor), William Makepeace Thackeray (Contributor), James Thurber (Contributor), Ludwig Tieck (Contributor), Michel Tournier (Contributor), Mark Twain (Contributor), Voltaire (Contributor), Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder (Contributor), Sylvia Townsend Warner (Contributor), Christoph Martin Wieland (Contributor), Oscar Wilde (Contributor), William Butler Yeats (Contributor), Jane Yolen (Contributor)

Other authors: See the other authors section.

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» See also 7 mentions

Showing 4 of 4
I only remember one story in this book, George MacDonald's "The Day Boy and the Night Girl". A classic fairy tale of opposites, it stood out to me because "dark" didn't necessarily mean "evil" and "light" didn't necessarily mean "good". It was refreshing and has stuck with me for years. ( )
  nsevigny | Sep 30, 2013 |
In The Philosopher’s Stone (Wieland, 1789) we see the true power of a magical gift to transform one’s perspective on life, even if it means a complete physical transformation. The story revolves around King Mark of Cornwall, and his wife, Queen Mabille, whose hedonistic lifestyles led their kingdom (not to mention their marriage) to the brink of destruction and betrayal. In his quest for the world’s ultimate treasure and power, King Mark befriends an adept of Hermes, Misfragmutosiris, who eventually guides King Mark into the possession of the philosopher’s stone, which transforms him into a donkey. Similarly, Queen Mabille is also magically transformed into a goat. Both eventually return to being human, although with a radically different and simple life, and they encounter and fall deeper in love with one another through the experience, free from their royal life of debauchery and insatiable desires.
This may be the most magical gift of all, to change one’s life so dramatically that one reaches a greater truth. It is this story I have found to have the best lesson, and the most profound truth.

The story of Cupid and Psyche has been retold by many, but Apuleius is my favorite teller. The story goes that Psyche was the most beautiful of three princesses. Venus, the goddess of beauty, became jealous of all the praise she received, as people had begun comparing the beauty of the two. In order to get back at this usurper, she sent her son Eros or Cupid to do mischief to her. Venus wanted Cupid to use one of his magic arrows and shoot her, causing her to fall in love with the next person she saw, and it was to be a horrible beast of a man.
Meanwhile, the king was distraught by how the men worshipped her, so he went to the Oracle to find whom Psyche should marry. The answer was a poem from Apollo, that Psyche was to be left on a mountaintop alone, and her husband would find her. He was to be immortal and evil. The king and queen sadly did as they were told. Psyche is left alone, weeping atop the hill until she cried herself to sleep.
When she awoke, the place was happier, and as she walked along, she came to a beautiful palace. There, she found her husband, whom she could never see, but who spoke to her kindly and loved her tenderly. He told her to never look upon him, and only came to her at night, and left early in the morning.
The kingdom feared Psyche dead, and the king sent her sisters to seek her out. Her husband warned her never to speak to them, but her tears make him relent. Psyche and her sisters rejoice at seeing each other again, but soon their happiness turns to jealously, for their sister seems to have a better life than they do. They convince her to sneak a peek at this husband, frightening her with thoughts that he might be a monster. That night, she lights a candle and gazes upon none other than Cupid, the most handsome of all the gods, but she awakens him. He abandons her, and she travels the earth looking for him. She meets many gods and has many adventures, all of them more depressing than the next. Finally, Cupid begs Jupiter to make her immortal. She is made a goddess and they are properly married.
This is a very long story, like most classical myths, and it involves a lot of great characterization. I have always liked the Edith Hamilton version, and this one is even better. I feel sorry for Psyche, even though she goes against what she is told. She is easily led, and her name has become a word describing the mind/ deeper soul. I love stories that give background to language and the Classical Myths do it in spades. Morally, I find this story to be weak, but then, the gods of the Classics were weak, and so like humans. Perhaps it was a way for the Greeks and Romans to feel better about all of the terrible things they did. They were simply imitating the gods!
  Purr4kitty2003 | Jul 24, 2010 |
Jack Zipes has edited many excellent “fantasy” anthologies. This one takes a slightly different tact than most, pulling from a variety of cultures over a long history. You won’t find many modern fantasy authors within. Only Jane Yolen, Tanith Lee and Robin McKinley stand out as outstanding recent authors. Zipes reaches all the way back to the Second Century for the first tale, “Cupid and Psyche” by Apuleius, and continues on with well known classic authors like Goethe, Hawthorne, Hans Christian Anderson, Oscar Wilde, Yeates and even Mark Twain. There are 67 tales included spanning the Second Century to the 1980’s. Great authors from nearly every literary movement appear and give the reader a tour of the genre.

Readers will find well known tales like “Sleeping Beauty” and “Rumpelstiltskin,” but also some lesser known gems like “The Seven Wives of Bluebeard” and “Spiegel the Cat.” This collection is a great way to get a young fantasy fan to enjoy the work of classical authors that may have a stigma attached to them (I have to read that for school!) Readers should note that the language of the tales has been altered to the vernacular. So, Cupid and Psyche is told in a straightforward manner without the archaic structures used by the original author. Purists may gasp at the audacity, but new readers will be grateful for the translation! The tone and heart of the stories remain intact. This is a huge work with something nearly everyone can enjoy. Overall, a very well done anthology that is more than worth the price of admission.
  jshillingford | Dec 23, 2009 |
Showing 4 of 4
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» Add other authors

Author nameRoleType of authorWork?Status
Zipes, JackEditorprimary authorall editionsconfirmed
Andersen, Hans ChristianContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Apollinaire, GuillaumeContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
ApuleiusContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Bachmann, IngeborgContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Basile, GiambattistaContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Baum, L. FrankContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Calvino, ItaloContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Carter, AngelaContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Coover, RobertContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Croker, T. CroftonContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
D'Aulnoy, Marie-CatherineContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
de la Force, Charlotte-RoseContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
de Larrabeiti, MichaelContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
de Morgan, MaryContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Dick, Philip K.Contributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Doblin, AlfredContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Dunsany, LordContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Ewald, CarlContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
France, AnatoleContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Galland, AntoineContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Goethe, Johann WolfgangContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Grimm, WilhelmContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Hawthorne, NathanielContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Hesse, HermannContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Hessel, FranzContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Hoffmann, ETAContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Hofmannsthal, Hugo vonContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Housman, LaurenceContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
JanoschContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Kaiser, GeorgContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Kastner, ErichContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Keller, GottfriedContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Kunert, GunterContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Kunzler, RosemarieContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
L'Héritier, Marie-JeanneContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Lee, TanithContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Lem, StanisławContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
MacDonald, GeorgeContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
McKinley, RobinContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Meckel, ChristophContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Mitchison, NaomiContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Musäus, Johann Karl AugustContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
MynonaContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
NovalisContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Perrault, CharlesContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Pourrat, HenriContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Pyle, HowardContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Rilke, Rainer MariaContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Rousseau, Jean-JacquesContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Schwitters, KurtContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Stockton, Frank R.Contributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Storm, TheodorContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Straparola, GiovanniContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Strindberg, AugustContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Thackeray, William MakepeaceContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Thurber, JamesContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Tieck, LudwigContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Tournier, MichelContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Twain, MarkContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
VoltaireContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Wackenroder, Wilhelm HeinrichContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Warner, Sylvia TownsendContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Wieland, Christoph MartinContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Wilde, OscarContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Yeats, William ButlerContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Yolen, JaneContributorsecondary authorall editionsconfirmed
Dulac, EdmundCover artistsecondary authorsome editionsconfirmed
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Dedication
For Carol and Hanna
 
Who have kept the magical hope
of the tales alive
---§---
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INTRODUCTION
It has generally been assumed that fairy tales were first created for children and are largely the domain of children. But nothing could be further from the truth.
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Book description
This collection of folk and fairy tales is specifically designed to be of interest to adults.
CONTENTS
Cupid and Psyche / Apuleius --
Of feminine subtlety / Gesta Romanorum --
The pig prince / Giovanni Straparola --
The merchant's two sons / Giambattista Basile --
Ricdin-Ricdon / Marie-Jeanne L'Héritier --
Riquet with the tuft / Charles Perrault --
Green serpent / Marie-Catherine D'Aulnoy --
Parslinette / Charlotte-Rose de La Force --
Prince Ahmed and the fairy Pari-Banou / Antoine Galland --
The queen Fantasque / Jean-Jacques Rousseau --
The white bull / Voltaire --
Libussa / Johann Karl August Musäus --
The philosophers' stone / Christoph Martin Wieland --
The fairy tale / Johann Wolfgang Goethe --
Eckbert the Blond / Ludwig Tieck --
A wondrous Oriental tale of a naked saint / Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder --
Hyacinth and Roseblossom / Novalis --
The mines of Falun / E.T.A. Hoffmann --
The Lady of Gollerus / T. Crofton Croker --
Snow White and Rose. Red / Wilhelm Grimm --
Bluebeard's ghost / William Makepeace Thackeray --
Feathertop / Nathaniel Hawthorne --
The shadow / Hans Christian Andersen --
Spiegel the cat / Gottfried Keller --
Hinzelmeier / Theodor Storm --
The day boy and the night girl / George MacDonald --
The griffin and the minor canon / Frank Stockton --
The three clever kings / Mary De Morgan --
The fisherman and his soul / Oscar Wilde --
Where to lay the blame / Howard Pyle --
The tale of the 672nd night / Hugo von Hofmannsthal --
A Chinese fairy-tale / Laurence Housman --
The queen of Quok / L. Frank Baum --
Dreams that have no moral / William Butler Yeats --
The five boons of life / Mark Twain --
The story of Jubal, who had no "I" / August Strindberg --
How treason came to Russia / Rainer Maria Rilke --
The story of the fairy tale / Carl Ewald --
The seven wives of Bluebeard / Anatole France --
The vegetational fatherhood / Mynona --
The kith of the elf-folk / Lord Dunsany --
The forest dweller / Hermann Hesse --
Cinderella continued, or, The rat and the six lizards / Guillaume Apollinaire --
The three wishes / Kurt Schwitters --
The seventh dwarf / Franz Hessel --
The fairy tale about technology / Alfred Döblin --
The girl and the wolf / James Thurber --
The fairy tale of the king / Georg Kaiser --
The fairy tale about common sense / Erich Kästner --
The smile of the Sphinx / Ingeborg Bachmann. The tale of the singing branch, the bird of truth, and the water of youth / Henri Pourrat --
The king of the elves / Philip K. Dick --
The enchanted palace / Italo Calvino --
Five men and a swan / Naomi Mitchison --
Bluebeard's daughter / Sylvia Townsend Warner --
The crow / Christoph Meckel --
Prince Ferrix and the Princess Crystal / Stanislaw Lem --
Sleeping Beauty / Günter Kunert --
Hans my hedgehog / Janosch --
The dead queen / Robert Coover --
The lady and the merman / Jane Yolen --
Rumpelstiltskin / Rosemarie Künzler --
Tom Thumb runs away / Michel Tournier --
The tiger's bride / Angela Carter --
The princess and the frog / Robin McKinley --
When the clock strikes / Tanith Lee --
Pichounetta and the Sergeant of Arles / Michael De Larrabeiti.
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