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Die Kunst des klaren Denkens by Rolf Dobelli
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Die Kunst des klaren Denkens (original 2011; edition 2014)

by Rolf Dobelli (Author)

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6871520,048 (3.61)1
Member:timoheuer
Title:Die Kunst des klaren Denkens
Authors:Rolf Dobelli (Author)
Info:DTV Deutscher Taschenbuch (2014)
Collections:Your library
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The Art of Thinking Clearly by Rolf Dobelli (2011)

Recently added byMrale, Jason.Ong.Wicky, anjenue, sasyas, PauloBR, timoheuer, meran2k, private library, SMDScott, arunram

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English (10)  German (2)  Dutch (1)  Finnish (1)  French (1)  All languages (15)
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Different way of looking at situations. The book is made up of 99 weird examples which are only 2-3 pages long. The later part of the book is better.

Example: If you have nothing to say, say nothing. You have hind sight bias. you have association bias.

Other stuff include telling you that news are 99% sensational, has no depth and adds little value so don't bother with news. Also, Speed demons are safer on the road because they spent less time on the road and are more focused on driving while driving.

my 150th read book. ( )
  Jason.Ong.Wicky | Oct 9, 2018 |
The book delivers what its title says. By identifying the different biases we commonly encounter as human, we can make better decisions on situations where the possible consequences are large.

One of the stories that the author shared that I really like was this:

The Pope asked Michaelangelo: "Tell me the secret of your genius. How have you created the Statue of David, the masterpiece of all masterpieces?" Michaelangelo's answer: It's simple. I removed everything that is not David.

Thinking more clearly and acting more shrewdly means adopting Michaelangelo's Method: Don't focus on David. Instead, focus on everything that is not David and chisel it away. In our case: eliminate all errors and better thinking will follow.

Anyways, if you want an outline of the book, here is the table of contents (which might be good to be used as a checklist as suggested by the author):

1 Why You Should Visit Cemeteries: Survivorship Bias
2 Does Harvard Make You Smarter?: Swimmer’s Body Illusion
3 Why You See Shapes in Clouds: Clustering Illusion
4 If Fifty Million People Say Something Foolish, It Is Still Foolish: Social Proof
5 Why You Should Forget the Past: Sunk Cost Fallacy
6 Don’t Accept Free Drinks: Reciprocity
7 Beware the “Special Case”: Confirmation Bias (Part 1)
8 Murder Your Darlings: Confirmation Bias (Part 2)
9 Don’t Bow to Authority: Authority Bias
10 Leave Your Supermodel Friends at Home: Contrast Effect
11 Why We Prefer a Wrong Map to None at All: Availability Bias
12 Why “No Pain, No Gain” Should Set Alarm Bells Ringing: The It’ll-Get-Worse-Before-It-Gets-Better Fallacy
13 Even True Stories Are Fairy Tales: Story Bias
14 Why You Should Keep a Diary: Hindsight Bias
15 Why You Systematically Overestimate Your Knowledge and Abilities: Overconfidence Effect
16 Don’t Take News Anchors Seriously: Chauffeur Knowledge
17 You Control Less Than You Think: Illusion of Control
18 Never Pay Your Lawyer by the Hour: Incentive Super-Response Tendency
19 The Dubious Efficacy of Doctors, Consultants, and Psychotherapists: Regression to Mean
20 Never Judge a Decision by Its Outcome: Outcome Bias
21 Less Is More: Paradox of Choice
22 You Like Me, You Really, Really Like Me: Liking Bias
23 Don’t Cling to Things: Endowment Effect
24 The Inevitability of Unlikely Events: Coincidence
25 The Calamity of Conformity: Groupthink
26 Why You’ll Soon Be Playing Megatrillions: Neglect of Probability
27 Why the Last Cookie in the Jar Makes Your Mouth Water: Scarcity Error
28 When You Hear Hoofbeats, Don’t Expect a Zebra: Base-Rate Neglect
29 Why the “Balancing Force of the Universe” Is Baloney: Gambler’s Fallacy
30 Why the Wheel of Fortune Makes Our Heads Spin: The Anchor
31 How to Relieve People of Their Millions: Induction
32 Why Evil Is More Striking Than Good: Loss Aversion
33 Why Teams Are Lazy: Social Loafing
34 Stumped by a Sheet of Paper: Exponential Growth
35 Curb Your Enthusiasm: Winner’s Curse
36 Never Ask a Writer If the Novel Is Autobiographical: Fundamental Attribution Error
37 Why You Shouldn’t Believe in the Stork: False Causality
38 Why Attractive People Climb the Career Ladder More Quickly: Halo Effect
39 Congratulations! You’ve Won Russian Roulette: Alternative Paths
40 False Prophets: Forecast Illusion
41 The Deception of Specific Cases: Conjunction Fallacy
42 It’s Not What You Say, but How You Say It: Framing
43 Why Watching and Waiting Is Torture: Action Bias
44 Why You Are Either the Solution—or the Problem: Omission Bias
45 Don’t Blame Me: Self-Serving Bias
46 Be Careful What You Wish For: Hedonic Treadmill
47 Do Not Marvel at Your Existence: Self-Selection Bias
48 Why Experience Can Damage Your Judgment: Association Bias
49 Be Wary When Things Get Off to a Great Start: Beginner’s Luck
50 Sweet Little Lies: Cognitive Dissonance
51 Live Each Day as If It Were Your Last—But Only on Sundays: Hyperbolic Discounting
52 Any Lame Excuse: “Because” Justification
53 Decide Better—Decide Less: Decision Fatigue
54 Would You Wear Hitler’s Sweater?: Contagion Bias
55 Why There Is No Such Thing as an Average War: The Problem with Averages
56 How Bonuses Destroy Motivation: Motivation Crowding
57 If You Have Nothing to Say, Say Nothing: Twaddle Tendency
58 How to Increase the Average IQ of Two States: Will Rogers Phenomeno
59 If You Have an Enemy, Give Him Information: Information Bias
60 Hurts So Good: Effort Justification
61 Why Small Things Loom Large: The Law of Small Numbers
62 Handle with Care: Expectations
63 Speed Traps Ahead!: Simple Logic
64 How to Expose a Charlatan: Forer Effect
65 Volunteer Work Is for the Birds: Volunteer’s Folly
66 Why You Are a Slave to Your Emotions: Affect Heuristic
67 Be Your Own Heretic: Introspection Illusion
68 Why You Should Set Fire to Your Ships: Inability to Close Doors
69 Disregard the Brand New: Neomania
70 Why Propaganda Works: Sleeper Effect
71 Why It’s Never Just a Two-Horse Race: Alternative Blindness
72 Why We Take Aim at Young Guns: Social Comparison Bias
73 Why First Impressions Are Deceiving: Primacy and Recency Effects
74 Why You Can’t Beat Homemade: Not-Invented-Here Syndrome
75 How to Profit from the Implausible: The Black Swan
76 Knowledge Is Nontransferrable: Domain Dependence
77 The Myth of Like-Mindedness: False-Consensus Effect
78 You Were Right All Along: Falsification of History
79 Why You Identify with Your Football Team: In-Group Out-Group Bias
80 The Difference between Risk and Uncertainty: Ambiguity Aversion
81 Why You Go with the Status Quo: Default Effect
82 Why “Last Chances” Make Us Panic: Fear of Regret
83 How Eye-Catching Details Render Us Blind: Salience Effect
84 Why Money Is Not Naked: House-Money Effect
85 Why New Year’s Resolutions Don’t Work: Procrastination
86 Build Your Own Castle: Envy
87 Why You Prefer Novels to Statistics: Personification
88 You Have No Idea What You Are Overlooking: Illusion of Attention
89 Hot Air: Strategic Misrepresentation
90 Where’s the Off Switch?: Overthinking
91 Why You Take On Too Much: Planning Fallacy
92 Those Wielding Hammers See Only Nails: Déformation Professionnelle
93 Mission Accomplished: Zeigarnik Effect
94 The Boat Matters More Than the Rowing: Illusion of Skill
95 Why Checklists Deceive You: Feature-Positive Effect
96 Drawing the Bull’s-Eye around the Arrow: Cherry Picking
97 The Stone Age Hunt for Scapegoats: Fallacy of the Single Cause
98 Why Speed Demons Appear to Be Safer Drivers: Intention-to-Treat Error
99 Why You Shouldn’t Read the News: News Illusion ( )
  kicker27 | Jun 27, 2018 |
FYI: I won this book from goodreads Giveaways, but that in no way influenced my review.

The Art of Thinking Clearly presents a bunch of anecdotal evidence to support commonly known fallacies in logical thinking. You know that hindsight is 20/20, we cling to our narratives, and think we'll be like the models in makeup ads if only we buy their product, plus a bunch of other semi-obvious ways in which we end up making bad decisions (or poorly rationalized flukes that still turn out okay). This book *might* be the reminder you need to think critically about what assumptions and misconceptions you are basing your decisions on. However, if you're already a critical thinker you probably won't learn too much from this book. Also, it doesn't really seem academically researched enough to be otherwise worthwhile. If it was more humorous it would at least make the obviousness more palatable.

To its benefit, you will almost definitely find at least one logical fallacy within that applies more to you personally (the, "Oh, I didn't realize it, but I definitely do that!" moment), and I suppose there's a chance that it may make a huge difference in your life. Also, it's a pretty quick read, with separate 'chapters' (a page or two) for each fallacy. So readers who prefer informational shorts over long form compositions will appreciate the format. ( )
  blueviolent | Feb 18, 2018 |
nice compilation of heuristics & biases of human mind. though all examples would not be easy if reader hasn't read about heuristics & biases from original references. However, good and quick and good revision of all biases at one place. enjoyable reading. ( )
  jay_sejpal | Jun 30, 2017 |
عنوان هذا الكتاب يوحي بأنه عن تطوير الذات أو ما شابه لكنه ليس كذلك

الكتاب يتكلم عن اخطاء التفكير من مغالطات وتحيز و وهم و ميول مبنية على اعتقادات مسبقة و افكار معينة
واذا اردت ان تفكر بوضوح لا تركز على ما يجب ان تفعل بل ما يجب ابعاده من شوائب التفكير ( )
  manolina | Sep 16, 2016 |
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An exploration of human reasoning reveals how to recognize and avoid simple errors in our day-to-day thinking in order to transform the decision-making process.

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