Rachel Sassoon Beer (1858–1927) was a remarkable woman who at one time owned and simultaneously edited both The Observer and The Sunday Times. She was born in Bombay and grew up in England in the fabulous Sassoon family of Jewish merchant princes, one of the richest families of the 19th century. As a young woman, she was intensely moved by human suffering and dissatisfied with check-book philanthropy. In 1887, she married out of her faith the financier Frederick Arthur Beer and was disowned by her family. He suffered from an illness that changed his personality and led to his early death. Soon after her marriage, Rachel began contributing articles to her husband's newspaper, The Observer, and in 1891, she took over as editor, becoming the first female editor of a national newspaper in the UK. Two years later, she purchased the Sunday Times and became the editor of that paper as well. While she was editor, Rachel Beer achieved one of the greatest exclusives in history: Major Esterhazy confessed to her that he had forged the letters that condemned the innocent French officer Alfred Dreyfus for treason. The story provoked an international outcry and led to the release and pardon of Captain Dreyfus from Devil's Island and the court martial of Esterhazy.