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The Great Angel: A Study of Israel's Second…
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The Great Angel: A Study of Israel's Second God

by Margaret Barker

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This book maintains that ancient Israel always had more than one god, and that the distinction between El and Yahweh was blurred by the Deuteronomist reformers. Barker sees vestiges of this distinction surviving in the Hebrew Bible, especially in the figure of the Angel of the Lord. She sees this distinction as informing many texts in the "intertestamental" period. She also believes that "Israel's Second God" was common among Jews of the post exilic period well into the Christian era, and that Philo's exposition of the second god owes more to his Jewish heritage than to interaction with Greek culture. Barker argues that the persistance of this second god helped with the acceptance of Christianity, with Jesus identified with Yahweh and the Angel and Father identified with El. ( )
  Darrol | Apr 22, 2013 |
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0664253954, Paperback)

What did "Son of God," "Messiah," and "Lord," mean to the first Christians when they used these words to describe their beliefs about Jesus? In this book Margaret Barker explores the possibility that, in the expectations and traditions of first-century Palestine, these titles belonged together, and that the first Christians fit Jesus' identity into an existing pattern of belief. She claims that pre-Christian Judaism was not monotheistic and that the roots of Christian Trinitarian theology lie in a pre-Christian Palestinian belief about angels--a belief derived from the ancient religion of Israel, in which there was a "High God" and several "Sons of God." Yahweh was a son of God, manifested on earth in human form as an angel or in the Davidic King. Jesus was a manifestation of Yahweh, and was acknowledged as Son of God, Messiah, and Lord. Barker relies on canonical and deutero-canonical works and literature from Qumran and rabbinic sources to present her thoughtful investigation.

(retrieved from Amazon Thu, 12 Mar 2015 18:23:12 -0400)

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