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Medieval Life by Roberta Gilchrist

Medieval Life

by Roberta Gilchrist

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191537,190 (4)None



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Roberta Gilchrist's goal is to promote a new form of archaeological analysis, one which takes the "life course" as its interpretive lens. In other words, she examines the life cycle(s) of medieval people—encompassing both the periods before birth and after death—in terms of material culture. For instance, in skeletal remains, Gilchrist identifies the hip, knee, and spinal problems that plagued peasant women who spent their time carrying heavy loads and squatting next to cooking fires; in shoes and clothing, she sees some of the ways in which medieval people constructed class and gender; and in ritual deposits, she argues for the evidence of the living's anxieties about the dead. Medieval Life looks at evidence from across Western Europe, but its primary focus is England between about the eleventh and mid-sixteenth centuries.

I'm not sure that there is much distinctly new about Gilchrist's analysis as a whole, beyond her framing of it as happening within the "life course" framework and her discussion of "biographical objects", something I'll have to think about more in relation to my own work. However, Gilchrist does a good job of synthesising a large interdisciplinary corpus of recent scholarship, and people working on many different aspects of the medieval world will find a trawl through her bibliography to be a rewarding one. ( )
1 vote siriaeve | Mar 14, 2015 |
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"An important and timely volume ... an elegant summary of complex theory, and synthesis of an impressive body of material. It will be eagerly read by current and future generations of archaeologists, and will demonstrate the significance of historical archaeology to a much wider scholarly audience." Dr Kate Giles, University of York. The aim of this book is to explore how medieval life was actually lived - how people were born and grew old, how they dressed, how they inhabited their homes, the rituals that gave meaning to their lives and how they prepared for death and the afterlife. Its fresh and original approach uses archaeological evidence to reconstruct the material practices of medieval life, death and the afterlife. Previous historical studies of the medieval "lifecycle" begin with birth and end with death. Here, in contrast, the concept of life course theory is developed for the first time in a detailed archaeological case study. The author argues that medieval Christian understanding of the "life course" commenced with conception and extended through the entirety of life, to include death and the afterlife. Five thematic case studies present the archaeology of medieval England (c.1050-1540 CE) in terms of the body, the household, the parish church and cemetery, and the relationship between the lives of people and objects. A wide range of sources is critically employed: osteology, costume, material culture, iconography and evidence excavated from houses, churches and cemeteries in the medieval English town and countryside. Medieval Life reveals the intimate and everyday relations between age groups, between the living and the dead, and between people and things. Roberta Gilchrist is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Reading.… (more)

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