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Ecophilosophy in a World of Crisis: Critical realism and the Nordic…
by Roy Bhaskar
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0415692326, Paperback)
Building on its origins at a seminar in Oslo organized by two of the editors, this book combines classic texts of Nordic ecophilosophy and the original contributions of those influenced by this tradition to present the view that critical realism is indeed a worthy intellectual tradition to carry forward and further develop the work of the founders of Nordic ecophilosophy.
It was clear at the seminar that there was a promising convergence of interests and themes in the two approaches; while at the same time, within the Nordic ecophilosophical tradition, there was appreciation of the capacity of critical realism, with its provision of a robust philosophical ontology and generation of totalizing immanent critiques of Western philosophy, to provide an expansive and secure home for the development of ecophilosophical work generally.
If there is a single overarching theme of critical realist philosophy, it surely must be that of the unity of theory and practice, which Bhaskar, following Hegel, has also called "seriousness". This makes the applicability, relevance and actionability of critical realism key considerations for critical realists. There can be no doubt that this concern was shared fully by the Nordic ecophilosophers; and this quality of "seriousness" is a striking feature of the Nordic contributions presented in this book.
(retrieved from Amazon Mon, 31 Aug 2015 08:53:29 -0400)
The connection between a quantum behavior of the structure elements of a substance and the parameters that determine the macroscopic behavior of materials has a major influence on the properties exhibited by different solids. Although quantum theory and engineering should complement each other, this is not always the case. This book aims to demonstrate how the properties of materials can be derived and predicted proceeding from the features of their structural elements, generally electrons. In a sense, electronic structure forms the glue holding solids as whole, and it is central in determining structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical, magnetic and vibrational properties. The main part of the book is devoted an overview of the fundamentals of the density functional theory and its applications to computational solid state physics and chemistry. The author shows in detail the technique of construction of models and the methods of their computer simulation. He considers physical and chemical fundamentals of interatomic bonding in solids and analyzes the predicted theoretical outcome in comparison with experimental data. This is applying the first-principle simulation methods so as to predict the properties of transition metals, semiconductors, oxides, solid solutions, molecular and ionic crystals. Unique in presenting are novel theories of creep and fatigue that help to anticipate - and prevent - possible fatal material failures. As a result, users gain the knowledge and tools to simulate material properties and to design materials with desired characteristics. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the book, it is suitable for a variety of markets from students and lectures to engineers and researchers.
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