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Social Contract: Essays by Locke, Hume, and Rousseau
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0195003098, Paperback)Contents: Introduction, Sir Ernest Barker; An Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent and End of Civil Government, John Locke; Of the Original Contract, David Hume; The Social Contract, J.J. Rousseau.
(retrieved from Amazon Thu, 12 Mar 2015 18:05:21 -0400)
The idea of social contract which flourished in the 18th century found its Bible (which instructed that the powers that be are ordained of God, but also David made a covenant with his people) ; the doctrines of Roman Law (which directed that "the people, by Law of the Monarch passed in regard to his authority and power") ; and the principles of Aristotle's Politics (which favored a clear distinction between king and tyrant, and endorsed the right of the masses not only to elect the magistrate but also to call him to account). These rudimentary principles became the political inheritance of the Middle Ages and took the form of a contract of government between feudal king and feudatory. "I will be to you faithful and true ... on condition that our agreement was, when I to you submitted and chose your will." Later, in the 18th century, these principles of "contracts of goverment" became transmuted into "contracts of society," and found their fullest expression in the writings of Locke, Hume, and Rousseau. The three essays collected in this volume proved to be rich in their legacy to future political systems as they had been rich in their inheritance from the past. Their influence is seen in many revolutionary social treatises, in the writings of Thomas Paine, and, moreover, in the Constitution of all free nation---The Editor.
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