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The Populist Explosion: How the Great…
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The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and… (2016)

by John B. Judis

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Came across this title in a magazine article and thought it sounded like an interesting read. Author Judis attempts to link the rise of populism in both Europe and the US to the Great Recession. What do Brexit and the rise of Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump and other populist movements have in common?

Honestly, I'm extremely skeptical of his premise. The scope of the book is far too narrow and I can't help but feel (although no expert here!) that the book might be cherry-picking a bit to make his case. There are errors and what appears to be convenient omissions that undercut his case.

Some of the errors are minor (not capitalizing the "s" in Senate, as in the US Senate body). Some are just strange: he claims the Tea Party is made up of individual groups and that corporate-linked groups harnessed the TP for their own agenda but fails to mention that the TP itself is not a grassroots movement. The TP was apparently *only* a response to the economic situation in the country while ignoring that they came into prominence under the first black President.

There are also some more recent pieces as well, saying that no one expected Bernie Sanders to continue in the Democratic Primary of 2016 (while not mentioning Sanders was not viable well before the end of the primaries and refused to concede for a significant amount of time after the official end). I'm willing to cut a little slack for being published in October of 2016 (therefore the election outcome was not yet known and we didn't have the information we have now). But given the context of how he framed the Tea Party, Occupy Wall Street, etc. I'm really skeptical about the other contents of the book. Even less of an expert on European politics so I'm not sure how to gauge his text on that.

I'm not saying there isn't merit to the book but Judis seems to fall into a similar trap of the movements he's trying to explain: seeing it almost entirely as an economic/class issue while downplaying and/or ignoring the roles of racism, sexism/misogyny, the larger historical context, etc.

As a primer it might not be a bad place to start but if you're already somewhat familiar with the concept I'm not sure what this adds. It would also be really beneficial to read other works as a supplement (and the author has some suggestions at the end). Borrow from the library but I wouldn't put it at the top of a list. ( )
  acciolibros | May 19, 2018 |
Informative and interesting. I especially enjoyed the sections on Huey Long, George Wallace, and Ross Perot, important figures in the history the author traces of U.S. populism, culminating in its surge back into prominence in this country in the 2016 election. Judis looks at the distinguishing features of populism both in its left and right manifestations, and at how it has been used effectively by various political parties and politicians to galvanize dissatisfied voters and rally them to various ends.

In his introduction, Judis explains
”Leftwing populists champion the people against an elite or an establishment. Theirs is a vertical politics of the bottom and middle arrayed against the top. Rightwing populists champion the people against an elite that they accuse of coddling a third group, which can consist, for instance, of immigrants, Islamists, or African American militants. Leftwing populism is dyadic. Rightwing populism is triadic. It looks upward, but also down upon an out group.”

Of the eight chapters, including the “Introduction” and the “Conclusion,” three are devoted to U.S. politics and three to European. I struggled a bit to keep up with the information presented in the chapter on Greece and Spain, with which I have only minimal familiarity (and also, the events in southern Europe seemed less relevant to the situation in the U.S., which is my main interest), but the populist movements in northern Europe, particularly Great Britain and France, turned out to be very interesting to me. The conflicts and concerns focusing on immigration in those countries, and the changing political allegiances and priorities of voters as a result of those worries, were unmistakeably familiar.

One “drawback” of this book is that, writing in 2016, the author is quite confident that Donald Trump will lose the election, and that Hillary Clinton will win. He then goes on to consider what what the two major parties will “learn” from their latest brush with populism. If only!

”How much this shift in debate will be reflected after the November election remains unclear. If Trump is soundly defeated, as seems likely at this writing, the Republican congressional and business leadership will argue that his defeat was due not only to his intemperate and amateurish campaigning, but to his populism. After Barry Goldwater was defeated in 1964, leading Republicans made similar arguments. But in the case of Goldwater, more polished imitators sprung up who eventually transformed the Republican Party. If Trump's campaign does spawn imitators, the Republicans will face a continuing conflict between its white working class and business supporters.

Sanders's campaign is likely to have a more certain impact on the Democratic Party even if he himself fades from the scene. Sanders's outlook is well represented in Congress by senators Elizabeth Warren and Sherrod Brown and by the House Progressive Caucus, which Sanders helped to found. If Hillary Clinton does win the presidency, they are likely to provide a counter-weight to the neoliberal influence of Wall Street and Silicon Valley among the Democrats. That should lead to continuing conflict within the party.

In the near term, however, the United States is not likely to experience a political earthquake that would overturn neoliberalism and realign the parties.”

Snort! With Trump now in the White House, amusing himself by taking pot shots at Republicans and Democrats with and equal opportunity viciousness and clearly promoting no one's interests but his own, this faith that the election would follow conventional expectations is sadly touching. Such are the risks of writing political books in an election year, I suppose. Still, the information on populism itself is still valuable.

I listened to this as an audiobook read by Coleen Marlo, and I do not recommend this format. She sounds like a robot, and I was only sure that a real person actually was reading the book because, especially early in the book, she mispronounces so many words. The worst was “Ku Klux Klan,” which she repeatedly reads as “Klu Klux Klan.” A robot wouldn't do that.

Reservations aside, this is a useful little book that covers a lot of ground and gave me a better understanding of a movement that seems likely to be part of our political landscape for a while to come. ( )
  meandmybooks | Sep 9, 2017 |
This short book of history and current events needed to be written (and read) at a time when Populism is being equated with Fascism. Judis theorizes that the failure of Neo-liberal economics promoted by elites of both political parties has increased income inequality and led to the rise of a new Populist movement championed in the U.S. by B. Sanders and Trump. The book is useful for its discussion of the problems inherit in Neo-liberal economics and also discussion of the rise and fall of other American Populist parties. Judis also explains European Populist parties of both the right and left. He makes an excellent case that free trade and open borders have hurt the working class more than politicians will admit. He offers no solutions but does a good job of placing the politics of Trump and European Populist parties in an historical context.

This is a good quick read for anyone who wants to understand why Europeans are questioning the EU (Brexit), why Trump is popular, and how the two phenomena are related. ( )
1 vote janw | Jan 28, 2017 |
Showing 3 of 3
“The Populist Explosion” is an extended think-tank report rather than an airport bestseller. It’s also an excellent read: well-written and well-researched, powerfully argued and perfectly timed.
added by inge87 | editThe Economist (Dec 3, 2016)
 
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Amazon.com Product Description (ISBN 0997126442, Paperback)

"Far and away the most incisive examination of the central development in contemporary politics: the rise of populism on both the right and the left. Superb." - Thomas Edsall, New York Times columnist

What's happening in global politics, and is there a thread that ties it all together? As if overnight, many Democrats revolted and passionately backed a socialist named Bernie Sanders; the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union, in a stunning rebuke; the vituperative billionaire Donald Trump became the presidential nominee of the Republican Party; and a slew of rebellious parties continued to win election after election in countries like Switzerland, Norway, Italy, Austria, and Greece.

John B. Judis, one of America's most respected political analysts, tells us why we need to understand the populist movement that began in the United States in the 1890s and whose politics have recurred on both sides of the Atlantic ever since. The Populist Explosion is essential reading for anyone hoping to grasp a global political system that is only just beginning what will be a long-running and highly consequential readjustment.

(retrieved from Amazon Sun, 23 Oct 2016 14:39:13 -0400)

"Is the West witnessing a huge political upheaval? As if overnight, many Democrats revolted and passionately backed a socialist named Bernie Sanders; the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union, in a stunning rebuke; the vituperative billionaire Donald Trump became the presidential nominee of the Republican Party; and a slew of rebellious parties continued to win election after election in countries like Switzerland, Norway, Italy, Austria, and Greece. John B. Judis, one of America's most respected political analysts, tells us why we need to learn about the populist movement that began in the United States in the 1890s, the politics of which have recurred on both sides of the Atlantic ever since. Populism, on both the right and the left, champions the people against an establishment, based on issues - globalization, free trade, immigration - on which there has been a strong elite consensus, but also an even stronger mass discontent that is now breaking out in the open"--Cover… (more)

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